Detect OS with autoconf
11-Aug-2016 · 177 words · 1 min

In this (first) blog post based on my answer for a Stack Overflow question I'll show you how to detect the target OS in the configure.ac or configure.in autotools-files.

It's important to notice that with target I refer to the target OS when cross-compiling, for example: you are cross-compiling a Windows bin.exe executable file from GNU/Linux, the target would be Windows.


Add the following code to your configure.ac somewhere between AC_INIT and AC_OUTPUT:

# AC_CANONICAL_HOST is needed to access the 'host_os' variable    
AC_CANONICAL_HOST

build_linux=no
build_windows=no
build_mac=no

# Detect the target system
case "${host_os}" in
    linux*)
        build_linux=yes
        ;;
    cygwin*|mingw*)
        build_windows=yes
        ;;
    darwin*)
        build_mac=yes
        ;;
    *)
        AC_MSG_ERROR(["OS $host_os is not supported"])
        ;;
esac

# Pass the conditionals to automake
AM_CONDITIONAL([BUILD_LINUX], [test "$build_linux" = "yes"])
AM_CONDITIONAL([BUILD_WIN32], [test "$build_windows" = "yes"])
AM_CONDITIONAL([BUILD_OSX], [test "$build_mac" = "yes"])

This sets the BUILD_* conditionals which we can use in our example Makefile.am:

APP_SOURCES = src/main.c

if BUILD_LINUX
APP_SOURCES += src/linux_dep.c
endif
if BUILD_WIN32
APP_SOURCES += src/win32_dep.c
endif
if BUILD_OSX
APP_SOURCES += src/osx_dep.c
endif

ld46 · posts · whoami · github · email · home